In Haiti the characters Malice and Bouqui are considered to be one of the most famous fictional couple in the folk oral tradition. In 1940 the ethnologist Suzanne Comhaire-Sylvain published Le Roman de Bouqui, the first anthology totally devoted to this inseparable duo. The essay analyses the fifty tales of Le Roman de Bouqui in order to validate the theories that link the two characters to the main historical Haitian social classes: the Bossale/Creole slave and the countryman/city dweller. The three different types of methodological analyses, i.e. morphological, lexical fields and actantial, allow an in-depth observation of the connections between fiction and reality, but also set the basis for a prediction of their future evolutions.
Comhaire-Sylvain. Le Roman de Bouqui. Haitian Folktales. Haitian Folklore. Countryman/City Dweller.