Axon
2 | 1 | 2018

Axon
2 | 1 | 2018

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chevron_rightAntiquity Studies

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Vol. 2 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2018

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Axon | 2 | 1 | 2018

Inscription of Greek Mercenaries to Abu Simbel

Stefano Struffolino
Università degli Studi di Milano, Italia
stefano.struffolino@unimi.it

DOI 10.30687/Axon/2532-6848/2018/01/001

Submitted 10 Jan 2018
Accepted 19 Mar 2018

Abstract

On the leg of one of the colossal statues on the facade of the great funerary temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel, in Nubia, Archon son of Amoibichos and Peleqos son of Eudamos, two mercenaries of Greek-Carian origin who militated in the ranks of the Egyptian Army, engrave a five lines inscription in which they recall the salient data of the expedition against the Nubian populations launched by the pharaoh of the XXVI dynasty Psammethicus II between 593 and 592 BC. The different origins of the people who left their mark in this and in the other graffiti on the Abu Simbel temple, explained by the palaeographic and dialectal peculiarities of the texts, confirm what we can learn from other sources, above all Herodotus, on the opening of the Saitic Egypt to external presences, also organised in stable settlements. The reasons for such a reception were certainly of an economic nature, but it is undeniable that for the Egyptians a considerable advantage came also from the possibility of exploiting the new military potentials of the Greek hoplite tactics, contributing to the spread of a mercenary service that encouraged different degrees of ethnic and social integration.

Keywords
Ramesse II. Abu Simbel. Nubia. Archon. Amoibichos. Peleqos. Eudamos. Asia minore caria. XXVI dinastia. Psammetico. Egitto Saitico. Elefantina. Nilo. Kerkis. Napata. Kush. Potasimto. Amasi. Theokles. Erodoto. Egitto. Mercenariato.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
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Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Struffolino Stefano

dc.title

Inscription of Greek Mercenaries to Abu Simbel

dc.type

Journal Article

dc.language.iso

it

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/2532-6848/2018/001/01

dc.description.abstract

On the leg of one of the colossal statues on the facade of the great funerary temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel, in Nubia, Archon son of Amoibichos and Peleqos son of Eudamos, two mercenaries of Greek-Carian origin who militated in the ranks of the Egyptian Army, engrave a five lines inscription in which they recall the salient data of the expedition against the Nubian populations launched by the pharaoh of the XXVI dynasty Psammethicus II between 593 and 592 BC. The different origins of the people who left their mark in this and in the other graffiti on the Abu Simbel temple, explained by the palaeographic and dialectal peculiarities of the texts, confirm what we can learn from other sources, above all Herodotus, on the opening of the Saitic Egypt to external presences, also organised in stable settlements. The reasons for such a reception were certainly of an economic nature, but it is undeniable that for the Egyptians a considerable advantage came also from the possibility of exploiting the new military potentials of the Greek hoplite tactics, contributing to the spread of a mercenary service that encouraged different degrees of ethnic and social integration.

dc.relation.ispartof

Axon

dc.relation.ispartof

Vol. 2 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2018

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

2018-06-29

dc.dateAccepted

2018-01-10

dc.dateSubmitted

2018-03-19

dc.identifier.issn

dc.identifier.eissn

2532-6848

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

dc.subject

Ramesse II

dc.subject

Abu Simbel

dc.subject

Nubia

dc.subject

Archon

dc.subject

Amoibichos

dc.subject

Peleqos

dc.subject

Eudamos

dc.subject

Asia minore caria

dc.subject

XXVI dinastia

dc.subject

Psammetico

dc.subject

Egitto Saitico

dc.subject

Elefantina

dc.subject

Nilo

dc.subject

Kerkis

dc.subject

Napata

dc.subject

Kush

dc.subject

Potasimto

dc.subject

Amasi

dc.subject

Theokles

dc.subject

Erodoto

dc.subject

Egitto

dc.subject

Mercenariato

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