Axon
2 | 1 | 2018

Axon
2 | 1 | 2018

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chevron_rightAntiquity Studies

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Vol. 2 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2018

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Axon | 2 | 1 | 2018

Athenian Decree for the Defenders of Democracy

Marcello Valente
Università degli Studi di Torino, Italia
marcello.valente@unito.it

DOI 10.30687/Axon/2532-6848/2018/01/006

Submitted 05 Mar 2017
Accepted 10 Jan 2018

Abstract

After the overthrow of the oligarchic régime of the Thirty and the restoration of democracy, Thrasybulus proposed to grant citizenship to those who had fought in defence of democracy, among which there were several slaves. His decree was dismissed on a technicality by Archinus. Shortly thereafter, Archinus approved a decree granting only formal honours to those (citizens and foreigners) who had fought in defence of the Athenian demos. The decree preserved in this inscription displays the grant of honours to foreigners and metics who had fought for democracy. The fragmentary state of the document does not allow us to establish with certainty what kind of honours they received: the most likely are citizenship or isoteleia. The identification of this inscription with Archinus’ decree is, however, to be rejected on the basis of the granted honours. Possibly, the document could be another Thrasybulus’ decree or a law proposed by someone within his political circle. The decree, passed only later on, aimed at rewarding the defenders of democracy. Another debated issue concerns the number (one, two or three) of categories of recipients included in this stele, which is probably related to their individual contributions in the struggle for the defence of democracy. The type of reward and the date of the decree (between 404/3 and 401/0) push us to reconsider the matter of the status of the orator Lysias at the time of the trial against Eratosthenes: was he a citizen, an isoteles or a simple metic? Moreover, the list of the rewarded people, whose names appear together with their jobs, is a significant piece of evidence about Attic society at that time.

Keywords
Trenta. Democrazia. Trasibulo. Cittadinanza. Schiavi. Decreto. Archino. Isoteleia. Lisia. Eratostene.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
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Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Valente Marcello

dc.title

Athenian Decree for the Defenders of Democracy

dc.type

Journal Article

dc.language.iso

it

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/2532-6848/2018/001/01

dc.description.abstract

After the overthrow of the oligarchic régime of the Thirty and the restoration of democracy, Thrasybulus proposed to grant citizenship to those who had fought in defence of democracy, among which there were several slaves. His decree was dismissed on a technicality by Archinus. Shortly thereafter, Archinus approved a decree granting only formal honours to those (citizens and foreigners) who had fought in defence of the Athenian demos. The decree preserved in this inscription displays the grant of honours to foreigners and metics who had fought for democracy. The fragmentary state of the document does not allow us to establish with certainty what kind of honours they received: the most likely are citizenship or isoteleia. The identification of this inscription with Archinus’ decree is, however, to be rejected on the basis of the granted honours. Possibly, the document could be another Thrasybulus’ decree or a law proposed by someone within his political circle. The decree, passed only later on, aimed at rewarding the defenders of democracy. Another debated issue concerns the number (one, two or three) of categories of recipients included in this stele, which is probably related to their individual contributions in the struggle for the defence of democracy. The type of reward and the date of the decree (between 404/3 and 401/0) push us to reconsider the matter of the status of the orator Lysias at the time of the trial against Eratosthenes: was he a citizen, an isoteles or a simple metic? Moreover, the list of the rewarded people, whose names appear together with their jobs, is a significant piece of evidence about Attic society at that time.

dc.relation.ispartof

Axon

dc.relation.ispartof

Vol. 2 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2018

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

2018-06-29

dc.dateAccepted

2017-03-05

dc.dateSubmitted

2018-01-10

dc.identifier.issn

dc.identifier.eissn

2532-6848

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

dc.subject

Trenta

dc.subject

Democrazia

dc.subject

Trasibulo

dc.subject

Cittadinanza

dc.subject

Schiavi

dc.subject

Decreto

dc.subject

Archino

dc.subject

Isoteleia

dc.subject

Lisia

dc.subject

Eratostene

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