Anania Širakac‘i was a 7th century AD Armenian mathematician trained in the Byzantine Empire whose works embrace treatises in various fields of science. Of the almost 30 texts attributed to him, most await investigation. His Cosmology is the focus of our research, and we highlight its elements of similarity with Greek tradition, in particular with St Basil’s Hexameron, and in the Armenian tradition, to which Anania brings novelty especially in his deeper understanding of astronomical phenomena. We suggest that this work, like Isidore’s De Natura Rerum, represents a new genre of Christian literature, and attempts to understand it through the meaning of Cosmos found in Aristotle’s De Mundo.
Anania Širakac‘i. Armenia. Cosmology. Tradition and innovation. 7th century AD.