During the modernist crisis the various institutions and persons within the Roman Curia acted in a complex manner. The article explores the different agencies and ways of repression by reconstructing the Roman treatment of the ‘cases’ of the French theologian Alfred Loisy (1857-1940) and the Anglo-Irish Ex-Jesuit George Tyrrell (1861-1909).
Modernism. Pius X. Loisy. Tyrrell. Merry del Val.